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Showing cards 1-13 of 13
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(LW) 2 kinds of rationality, define them
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1) Epistemic rationality: improving the correspondence between your map and the territory
2) Instrumental rationality: achieving your values.
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(LW) def floating belief
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A belief that isn't connected to experience, that lets anything happen (e.g. phlogiston is the source of fire)
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(LW) What is evidence?
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An event happening differently for different possible states of whatever you want to know about

("What is evidence?", Eliezer Yudkowsky, <a href="https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/6s3xABaXKPdFwA3FS/what-is-evidence">https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/6s3xABaXKPdFwA3FS/what-is-evidence</a>)
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(LW) Conservation of expected evidence= (with sentence and proof)
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Whatever the experiment, you can't expect the results to shift your beliefs (on average!) in a particular direction.

P(H) = P(H|E)*P(E) + P(H|~E)*P(~E)
prior probability = expected posterior probability

(<a href="https://www.lesswrong.com/tag/conservation-of-expected-evidence">https://www.lesswrong.com/tag/conservation-of-expected-evidence</a>)
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(LW) Words do not only convey meaning. They convey...
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experience − the experience of reading
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(LW) Why do cults come back stronger than before, when they experience a major shock (like a prophecy failing to come true)?
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Evaporative Cooling. The more moderate ("highest kinetic energy") members go out, leaving only the extremists together.
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(LW) What is evaporative cooling in social psychology?
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When a group shifts toward more extremism because the more moderate members ("highest kinetic energy") have left.
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(LW) An academic field that stops making active progress tends to become mean. Why?
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Because their role, which was seeking the truth, becomes by substitution guarding the truth.
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(LW) Summary of 'Fallacies of Compression' by Eliezer Yudkowsky
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Our vision of the world compresses the reality into concepts.
It takes genius to realize that a concept should be split into several others
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(LW) What is a real definition?
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A simple boundary in thingspace around regions of unusually high probability density

(<a href="https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/yLcuygFfMfrfK8KjF/mutual-information-and-density-in-thingspace">https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/yLcuygFfMfrfK8KjF/mutual-information-and-density-in-thingspace</a>)
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(LW) def reductionism
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We use different levels of physical reality for computation, but physical reality only has one level
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(LW) summary of "Well-Kept Gardens Die By Pacifism" by Eliezer Yudkowsky
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censorship or at least a karma system where people do downvote are necessary for online gardens to remain high-quality.
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(LW) "Well-Kept Gardens Die By Pacifism" by Eliezer Yudkowsky: why is this not obvious to everyone?
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because we don't see we're already protected by walls, like it's easy to be a nonviolent pacifist when the country is protected by the military and the city already has police
Showing cards 1-13 of 13